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Bon Odori (盆踊り), meaning simply Bon dance is a style of dancing performed during Obon festival in Japan.  Originally a Nenbutsu folk dance to welcome the spirits of the dead, the style of celebration varies in many aspects from region to region.  The typical Bon dance involves people lining up in a circle around a high wooden scaffold made especially for the festival called a yagura.  The yagura is usually also the bandstand for the musicians and singers of the Obon music.  Some dances proceed clockwise, and some dances proceed counter-clockwise around the yagura.  Some dances reverse during the dance, though most do not.  At times, people face the yagura and move towards and away from it.  Some dances involve the use of different kinds of fans, others involve the use of small towels called tenugui which may have colorful designs.  Some require the use of small wooden clappers, or “kachi-kachi” during the dance.

The Bon dance tradition is said to have started in the later years of the Muromachi period as a public entertainment.  In the course of time, the original religious meaning has faded, and the dance has become associated with summer.

Source:  Wikipedia